Flat feet is a deformity that arises as a result of the collapse of the transverse or longitudinal arch of the foot. Most often, however, it is a combined deformity of both arches.
This deformity affects not only the bones, but also the muscles and ligaments in the feet. It most often affects women due to wearing heels, but men and children are also susceptible.
Causes of flat feet
Flat feet are mainly caused by wearing inappropriate footwear, especially overloading the soles of the feet. Other causes of flat feet include poor posture, obesity, hypermobility and congenital causes.
Signs of flat feet
Flat feet can be divided into several stages. In the first stage, due to a falling transverse arch, the heel assumes a valgus position. This means it is tilted backwards. In this case, it is necessary to intervene and perform exercises to get the heel back in its proper position.
The next stage of flat feet may be accompanied by pain, tingling, swelling and a feeling of heavy feet. In the final stage, there is general stiffness of the muscles, arthrosis of the joints, bruises on the soles, and possibly even back pain because of incorrect foot alignment. Flat feet can also cause other deformities such as bunions or hammer toes.
How to treat flat feet
Flat feet are diagnosed based on footprints on a podoscope. Treatment is then determined depending on the stage of deformity. This may involve
through exercises, walking on uneven surfaces, and the like. To eliminate problems, it is necessary to focus mainly on their cause.